Ibisabwa kubirango biburira kuri E-itabi ipaki mubihugu bitandukanye no mukarere

1. Amerika

Abagenzuzi ba Amerika bakeneye ibicuruzwa by itabi (E-cigs& gasegereti y'itabi) gupakira kugira amagambo akurikira: “UMUBURO: Iki gicuruzwa kirimo nikotine.Nikotine ni imiti yangiza. ”

 

Iyi miburo igomba kugaragara mubipfunyika ibicuruzwa byitabi.Muri Amerika, birabujijwe ko umuntu uwo ari we wese akora, apakira, agurisha, atanga kugurisha, gukwirakwiza, cyangwa gutumiza ibicuruzwa by’itabi nta kirango kiburira.

 

Iburira ry'abana b'inyamanswa rigomba gushyirwaho ikimenyetso: Komeza iki gicuruzwa kitagera ku bana no ku matungo.

 

Ibirango byo kuburira bigomba kugaragara neza mubipfunyika kandi bikagaragara neza munsi ya selofane cyangwa nkibi bikurikira:

 

Ibirango byo kuburira biragaragara neza mubice 2 byingenzi byerekanwe kubipakira;

 

Agace k'ibimenyetso byo kuburira kagomba gufata 30% cyangwa arenga yerekana ahantu hagaragara paki imwe;

 

Shira byibuze imyandikire yibice 12 hanyuma ufate umwanya munini ushoboka agace ka label yo kuburira hamwe ninyandiko zabitswe;

 

Imyandikire igomba kuba yemewe muri Helvetica itinyutse na Arial itinyutse, kandi imyandikire, imiterere, nibara rishobora gutinyuka kumurongo wera cyangwa umweru kumurongo wirabura;

 

Inyuguti nkuru n’utumenyetso nkuko bisabwa na 1143.3 (a) (1);

 

Imyandikire yacapwe isabwa kuba hagati yumwanya wo kuburira, kandi amagambo asabwa yo kuburira agomba kuba mu cyerekezo kimwe n’ahantu hagaragara.

 

Ibisabwa byoherezwa mu mahanga: Ibicuruzwa bya nikotine muri Amerika ntibisabwa, kandi nikotine yoherezwa mu muryango w’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi ntabwo irenga 20mg / ml.Ibipfunyika byibicuruzwa bigomba kuba bifite ikirango cyihanganira umwana, kandi kigomba kuba cyangiza kandi ntigishobora kumeneka, kandi kigashyirwaho umuburo wubuzima.Gupakira birabujijwe kwamamaza no kwamamaza.

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Ibipfunyika byo muri Amerika birasabwa kwerekana Californiya Proposition 65 umuburo: “UMUBURO: Iki gicuruzwa kirashobora kugutera nikotine, imiti izwi na leta ya Californiya gutera kanseri.Ukeneye ibisobanuro birambuye, jya kuri: ww.P65warnings.ca.gov/ ibicuruzwa ”

 

2. Ubwongereza

Ibisabwa byo gupakira mubwongereza birasa nkibyo muri Amerika.

 

Gupakira bigomba kuburira ubuzima.

 

Imbere n'inyuma yae-itabi (uruganda rukora ibiti bya herbak)ibipapuro bigomba kuburira ubuzima, nkitabi risanzwe.

 

Umuburo nka:

 

“Iki gicuruzwa kirimo nikotine ni ibintu byangiza cyane”.

 

E-itabi rigomba kuba rifite umutekano kubana.

 

Amategeko mashya ateganya koe-itabi (HNB TABAK)ntigomba gukurwaho byoroshye kugirango abana barinde umutekano.

 

Amatangazo yitabi ya elegitoronike nayo yarahindutse.

 

Isosiyete ikora itabi ntishobora kongera kwamamaza ibyiza bya e-itabi, ariko kandi irabuza ibyiza bya e-itabi ugereranije n’itabi risanzwe.

 

Ibyamamare kandi birabujijwe kwemeza e-itabi, kandi kuzamurwa mu ntera nabyo birabujijwe kohereza ingero z'ubuntu.

 

Guverinoma yakajije umurego.

 

Ni ku nshuro ya mbere guverinoma y'Ubwongereza isaba abayikora gutanga amakuru ku bijyanye n'ibicuruzwa biva mu bimera kandi byongereye igenzura ry'ibicuruzwa kugira ngo hamenyekane niba bishobora kugurishwa mu Bwongereza.

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3. Ubuyapani

Amabwiriza mashya ya “Amabwiriza ya Minisitiri yerekeye guhindura igice ku mabwiriza agenga ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’amategeko agenga ubucuruzi bw’itabi (Minisiteri y’imari No 4)” yatanzwe na guverinoma y’Ubuyapani ni: gusaba amasosiyete y’itabi guhindura umuburo uteganijwe ku bipfunyika byo hanze ibicuruzwa byose byitabi bigurishwa mubuyapani ko kunywa itabi byangiza ubuzima nubusobanuro.Muri icyo gihe, aya mashusho yo kuburira n'amagambo yo kuburira akoreshwa no ku bushyuhe budatwika ibicuruzwa by'itabi.

 

Agace kerekanwe kumatangazo yo kuburira yaguwe:

 

Agace kerekanwe kumatangazo yo kuburira kazaguka kuva 30% kugeza byibuze 50% byumwanya wimbere.

 

Ibiri muri nikotine na tar byerekanwe hepfo kuruhande.

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Imiterere mishya yo gupakira (imbere, inyuma no kuruhande uhereye ibumoso ugana iburyo)

 

4. Ibindi bihugu

Kanada: Kanada yashyize ahagaragara imenyekanisha ku mabwiriza agenga ibirango no gupakira ibicuruzwa by'itabi na E-Itabi

 

Saba ko ibintu byonyine birimo ibintu biva mu kirere birimo nikotine ku gipimo cya 0.1 mg / ml cyangwa irenga bigomba kuba birwanya abana kandi bikerekana umuburo w'uburozi ku kirango cy'ibicuruzwa;

 

Saba ibikoresho by'itabi byuzuzwa byuzuzwa nibice byabyo kugirango birinde abana;

 

Ibintu byose bya aerosolize birasabwa kwerekana urutonde rwibintu kurutonde rwibicuruzwa.

 

Koreya y'Epfo: Guverinoma ya Koreya y'Epfo yasabye imishinga y'amategeko menshi yo gushimangira amabwiriza agenga ibicuruzwa by’itabi bidatwikwa, harimo kongera imisoro no gusaba ibirango biburira ubuzima.

 

Filipine: Abanyafilipine bemeje itegeko rindi rigenga amabwiriza yo gukora, gutumiza mu mahanga, kugurisha, gukwirakwiza, gukoresha, kwamamaza, kuzamura no gutera inkunga ibikoresho bya elegitoroniki ya Nikotine na sisitemu yo gutanga ibicuruzwa bitari Nikotine hamwe n’ibicuruzwa bishyushye bishyushye.

 

Iri tegeko ritegeka ishami ry’inganda n’ubucuruzi, ryumvikanye n’ikigo cy’Amerika gishinzwe ibiribwa n’ibiyobyabwenge, Ikigo cy’igihugu cy’itabi n’izindi nzego zibishinzwe, gutangaza amategeko, amabwiriza n’ibipimo byubahiriza ibiteganywa n’iri tegeko, ibipfunyika, ibiyigize, imburizi z’ubuzima. .

 

Ibimenyetso bisabwa

Ukurikije ibisabwa bitandukanye byo gupakira muri buri gihugu no mukarere, amakuru ajyanye nibiranga nkikimenyetso kibyemeza hamwe nikimenyetso cyumutekano agomba kugaragara kurupapuro rwo hanze.

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Fata ikirango cyimyaka nkurugero, Amerika isaba 21+, naho EU isaba 18+.

 

Ikimenyetso cya CE ni ikimenyetso cy’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi, kikaba ari uruhushya rw’ibicuruzwa byinjira ku isoko ry’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi, kandi ni bwo buryo bwo kugenzura Umuryango w’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi ku bicuruzwa byinjira ku isoko ry’Uburayi.Ibicuruzwa byashyizwe ku kimenyetso cya CE byerekana ko ibicuruzwa byujuje umutekano w’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi, ubuzima, kurengera ibidukikije n’ibindi bisabwa n'amategeko.

 

RoHS ni itegeko riteganijwe n'amategeko y’Uburayi.Izina ryayo ryuzuye ni "Kubuza Ibintu Byangiza" (Kubuza Ibintu Byangiza).

 

Ibipimo byashyizwe mu bikorwa ku mugaragaro kuva ku ya 1 Nyakanga 2006, ahanini bikoreshwa mu kugena ibipimo ngenderwaho n’ibikorwa by’ibicuruzwa by’amashanyarazi n’ikoranabuhanga, bigatuma bifasha cyane ubuzima bw’abantu no kurengera ibidukikije.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Kanama-26-2022